1. We are experiencing in Europe an intensifying crisis of orientation that may become fertile ground for conflict. EU has succeeded in turning enemies to friends. This achievement is no longer the case, as we are witnessing friends turning into enemies (nation vs. nation, north vs. south, the periphery vs. the center).
2. It is time for a “call to arms” for a renewed Europe. Adversaries of the European project are very outspoken. On the contrary, pro European politicians are keeping their mouths shut in the national level. This antithesis must end. All those who believe that more Europe is the only solution for prosperity (as I do), cannot afford to remain silent.
3. We need to articulate a new vision, a “raison d’etre”, for our collective future. A narrative that will contribute to the creation and motivation of a European ‘demos’.
3.1. Eliminate war demons: our peace project. Undoubtedly, EU’s greatest achievement is six decades of peace but how certain are we that this is not the beginning of an “armless war”? We have succeeded in maintaining peace so far, but we have failed in creating a collective consciousness of a European citizenship. It is essential in this new geopolitical reality, to establish a European identity that is essentially different from the American or Asian identities.
3.2. From the elites to the people: the legitimacy of democracy. It is imperative that our emphasis should be on democratic legitimacy and accountability both at a European and at a national level: 1) Citizens feel that decisions that influence their lives are taken from a distant bureaucracy accountable to none. The answer against disintegration could be a political system with federal characteristics. 2) Decisions on crisis management have bypassed EU institutions and landed in the hands of the most powerful EU countries, especially Germany which has turned into an isolated giant. A German Europe has no future. 3) EU institutions need to be drastically reformed in order to be accountable for monitoring and implementing future policies and not just issuing communications.
3.3. Fundamental values precede finances: economic justice for all. Citizens rightly ask why large parts of ECB end IMF loans given to troubled EU countries end up in bank bailouts but the repayment is transferred to the citizens? We need to answer with concerted action for growth and economic justice along with a banking union, citizens deposits insurance and possibly a tax on financial transactions. What is needed is political responsibility instead of finger pointing to presumably sinner countries, punishment and austerity.
3.4. Equal share of growth. A strong narrative needs a concrete plan for growth which could be based on three pillars: a) investment in pan-European infrastructure networks, (transportation, energy, telecommunication), b) transformation of ECB to a real Central Bank and c) a true EU Budget.
3.5. Global strength in unity: a new geopolitical role for Europe. With changing demographics, energy needs and supply, and shifting world power from the west to the east, one can easily imagine how each European state will look like on its own a few decades from now. We need a deep reform and a common economic, defense and international affairs policy.
4. The time to regenerate Europe with a unifying new narrative is NOW. In the words of J. Monnet; crises are the big federators of history.
πηγή: Nouvel Observateur